Anabolic steroids: Use, side effects, and risks
The public is under the belief that taking steroids will automatically make the user become built and muscular, which is not so. While using steroids, the user must still exercise. Let's talk about what steroids are and debunk the myths once and for all! He wanted to gain an edge in football.
After four years of using steroids, Henry was 5'9" and weighed pounds. He gained weight and power from taking steroids, but that is not all they gave him. He experienced spells of vomiting, urinating blood, liver and kidney damage, ulceration over three-fourths of his stomach, a mild heart attack, and an aggressive personality. He was unaware about their side effects and health risks. Much of the public—just like Henry—is uninformed or wrongly informed about steroids. The media fails to show the negative aspects of using steroids.
Because of this, many people think that steroids only have positive effects, but they fail to realize those using steroids can destroy their body and mind. Some people also believe that the only way to achieve a muscular build is by using steroids, yet again, this is wrong. Many people who work hard achieve an excellent physique naturally.
Male bodybuilders and athletes make up most of the steroid users in the U. One of the most famous steroid users is Arnold Schwarzenegger. Schwarzenegger has held the title of Mr.
He used steroids before the health risks were known and before they were illegal. Another famous steroid user is Sergio Olivia. Olivia was also a bodybuilder and competed against Schwarzenegger. Both men no longer use steroids. They realized their health was more important then rapid muscle growth.
The definition of steroids is, "man-made derivatives of testosterone, the male hormone. They synthesize protein and help promote muscle growth". The definition of an anabolic steroid is, "Any drug or harmful substance, chemically and pharmacologically related to testosterone other than estrogen, progestins, and corticostoroids that promotes muscle growth, any drug or hormonal substance that stimulates the endogenous production of steroids in the human body which acts in the same manner".
Types of anabolic steroids include oral and intramuscular injection. Steroids taken orally have a half-life of several hours, while injected steroids have a half-life of several days.
It takes these water-soluble pills three to four weeks to clear the body. The oil-based injections take six to eight months to leave the body. Now the steroid molecule can increase protein synthesis, increase nitrogen retention, make metabolic changes, and increase size and strength of skeletal muscle cells. These all lead to bigger and stronger muscles. Some steroid users take more than one dosage a day. Steroids have been used for years for medical treatment. They were developed in the 's to prevent the atrophy or break down, of muscle, in patients with debilitating illnesses.
They were also given to patients who had been severely burned. The first non-medical use of steroids was during World War II.
Nazi doctors gave steroids to their soldiers in an attempt to make them more aggressive. The Soviet Union then decided to give steroids to their athletes.
It was not until the 's that steroids side effects were first documented. This year was called the "Year of Steroids" because so many Olympic athletes were caught using steroids. It was estimated that one to three million average Americans were using steroids at this time as well. Many serious side effects and health risks are involved with using steroids.
Early symptoms of steroid abuse are, serious cystic acne, significant, sudden increases in body weight, headaches, dizziness, severe leg and abdominal cramping, and premature hair loss. The entire body is affected by steroid use. Health risks involving the cardiovascular system include, cholesterol modifications, heart disease, anaphylactic shock, high blood pressure, septic shock, and even death.
Effects to the reproductive system include, genital atrophy, genital swelling, sexual dysfunction, sterility, impotence, prostate enlargement, fetal damage, and menstrual irregularities.
The liver and kidneys are under constant attack by steroids. Effects to the liver include, cancer, jaundice, tumors, and Pelosis hepatitis. Damage to the kidneys includes, kidney stones, kidney disease, and kidney malfunctions. Taking steroids can also affect your skin.
Acne, oily skin, rashes, purple or red spots on the body, hives, increased body hair, baldness, and increased facial hair in women. Other side effects include edema bone pain, nausea, chills, diarrhea, insomnia, deepening of the voice, and changes in bowel and urinary habits.
Steroids can also affect the user psychologically. They can become depressed, aggressive, and very hostile. This is disturbing because health risks and side effects are much more serious for teens than adults. This is because a teenager's body is not fully developed, therefore their growth can be stunted and parts of the body will never have a chance to mature.
The effects on women are even worse since androgens and testosterone are more foreign to their bodies than men's. A very serious issue is the fact that teens who use steroids for two to three months face dying in their 30's or 40's. Taking steroids is very tough on teens psychologically. Many teen steroid users have what is called, "Roid Mania.
The two main reasons why teens use steroids are, sports and looks. Teens feel if they take steroids, they can enhance their athletic ability and hopefully get them into college sports. Looks are very important to teens. Greg Voigt, a nutrition store owner, comments, "Out of every kids that come in here, 70 want to know what kind of effects steroids will have on their bodies.
The other 30 just want them. Steroids seem to be a relatively easy way teens to enhance their appearance. They take steroids to help gain them popularity among peers.
A Schedule III Substance is a drug or other substance that is an accepted medical treatment in the United States, which when abused, can also lead to physical and psychological dependence. Using or possessing steroids can get a person into some very deep trouble.
For simple possession of steroids the sentence is, up to one year in prison, and a minimum fine of 1, dollars. A person with a previous conviction of simple possession may receive, up to two years in prison and a minimum fine of 2, dollars. Someone with two or more convictions of simple possession may receive 90 days to three years in prison and a minimum fine of 5, dollars. A person convicted of selling steroids faces up to five years in prison, a , dollar fine, and at least two years of supervised release.
A person convicted of selling steroids during this supervised release faces up to ten years in prison, increased fines, and an additional four years of parole. These laws do not apply to emaciated patients that need to gain weight, children that need to gain weight, osteoporosis, and Anemia.
Greg Conigliaro, a former steroid user, faces serious health problems because of his steroid use. Some doctors try to agree that steroids are not addictive, but Conigliaro thinks otherwise.
It's a habit you have the rest of your life. I believe steroids are addictive, if not more, than any recreational drug that is out there. Taking steroids put a real road block in Conigliaro's life. His experience shows that steroids are just as bad as any other drug out there. Steve Karr's, former steroid user, health was also damaged from taking steroids. Karr's liver and kidneys are damaged, he contracted jaundice, is short of breath, has pale skin, and is often nauseated.
These effects came from a drug that is supposed to enhance your health. Steve Courson was an avid "steroid stacker", someone who uses more than one type of steroid at a time. He used mg of Deca-Durabolin in two weeks, doctors only recommend mg per month. He also took 50 mg of Winstrol a day, a maximum of 6 mg is recommended. On top of that he took 50 mg of Anavar a day, the recommended dose is mg. Now, he is in need of a heart donor. The health risks surrounding steroids heavily out weigh the few benefits.
Steroids are damaging physically and psychologically. Using steroids is even more dangerous for teens because their bodies have not fully matured. Teens also face dying in their 30's or 40's because of steroid use.
Steroids may seem to be the best and easiest way to enhance your body, but they only work for so long. Once the side effects start surfacing, the user will have trouble exercising or may not even be able to exercise. Therefore, everything that they have worked for will goes down the drain. Since steroids are addictive, once the user stops taking them, their body will crave and need steroids to function. It will take time for the body to be able to function as it once did.
It is healthier and more beneficial to train naturally. Produce similar results is possible with a proper diet and a regular exercise routine.