Corticosteroids Systemic (Oral and Injectable)What are systemic corticosteroids and how do they work? Systemic corticosteroids refer to corticosteroids that are given orally or by injection and distribute throughout the body. It does not include corticosteroids used in the eyes, ears, or nose, on the skin or that are inhaled, although small amounts of these corticosteroids can be absorbed into the body. Naturally occurring corticosteroids, hydrocortisone Cortef and cortisoneare produced by the outer portion of the adrenal gland known as the cortex hence the name, corticosteroid. Corticosteroids are classified as either:. Synthetic corticosteroids mimic the actions of naturally occurring corticosteroids and may be used to replace corticosteroids in people with adrenal glands that are unable to produce corticosteroids uses and side effects amounts of corticosteroids, however, they corticosteroids uses and side effects often are used dianabol employment drug test higher-than-replacement doses to treat diseases of immunity, inflammation or salt and water balance.
Corticosteroids | Cleveland Clinic
Glucocorticoids are powerful medicines that fight inflammation and work with your immune system to treat wide range of health problems. Your body actually makes its own glucocorticoids. These hormones have many jobs, such as controlling how your cells use sugar and fat and curbing inflammation.
It makes your body produce more white blood cells and chemicals to help you heal. Sometimes, though, that response is too strong and can even be dangerous. Asthma , for example, is inflammation in your airways that can keep you from breathing.
If you have an autoimmune disease , your body triggers inflammation by mistake. That means your immune system attacks healthy cells and tissue as if they were viruses or bacteria. Glucocorticoids keep your body from pumping out so many of the chemicals involved in inflammation. Doctors also prescribe glucocorticoids for people who get organ transplants.
After the procedure, your immune system sees the new organ as an invader and attacks it. Drugs that turn down your immune system, such as glucocorticoids, can keep your body from rejecting the new organ. A glucocorticoid is a kind of steroid. The type you need depends on the specific health condition you have. How glucocorticoids affect you will depend on the specific drug or the dose you take. For example, if you only take one every so often for flare-ups of joint inflammation, you may not have any side effects.
But using them for a long time can cause health problems, including:. If you notice any changes in how you feel while you take these drugs, be sure to tell your doctor. These medications may be a slight risk to your baby. Tell your doctor if you have any of these medical problems before you start taking a glucocorticoid:.
Conditions They Treat Glucocorticoids treat many conditions that are caused by inflammation, such as: Types of Glucocorticoids A glucocorticoid is a kind of steroid. Among the most common ones are: Continued Side Effects How glucocorticoids affect you will depend on the specific drug or the dose you take. But using them for a long time can cause health problems, including: Osteoporosis, when bones get weaker and break easily High blood pressure Diabetes If you notice any changes in how you feel while you take these drugs, be sure to tell your doctor.
Tell your doctor if you have any of these medical problems before you start taking a glucocorticoid: Cataracts or glaucoma Heart attack or congestive heart failure High blood pressure Thyroid disease Peptic ulcer Diabetes Depression or other mood disorders Kidney disease Adrenal gland problems. Spring Allergies Precise Cancer Therapy.