Nasal and Oral Corticosteroids for AllergiesWhen ENT surgeons speak of steroids, we are generally referring to corticosteroidswhich are produced naturally in the adrenal glands to help suppress bodily inflammation and cope with stress and anxiety. Cortisol and synthetic steroids such as prednisone reduce swelling, prevent oral steroid for allergies migration of white blood cells, and stabilize anavar powder uk membrane of cells that release inflammatory mediators. Other types of steroids include aldosterone, which is also produced in the adrenal gland and controls the balance clenbuterol upotreba sodium and potassium in the body, and the sex steroids, which control oral steroid for allergies sex characteristics and reproduction. Anabolic steroids abused by athletes are a form of testosterone, a sex steroid. A short course of prednisone or methylprednisolone will almost certainly make you feel better. Steroids boast your energy level, alleviate pain and nausea, block allergies, reduce swelling, shrink nasal polyps, alleviate asthma, and can even restore hearing in some patients with sudden deafness.
Prednisolone: steroid to treat allergies and infections - tytf.info
Prednisolone is available only on prescription as tablets and as a liquid to drink. It can also be given by injection but this is usually only done in hospital. Take prednisolone with breakfast so it doesn't upset your stomach. Taking prednisolone in the morning also means it's less likely to affect your sleep. Do not take indigestion medicines 2 hours before or after taking enteric coated tablets. The dose depends on your illness and whether you are taking prednisolone as a short course or for longer.
In children, the dose may be lower than for an adult with the same illness because it is calculated according to their height and weight. If you don't remember until the following day, skip the missed dose. The higher the dose of prednisolone that you take, the greater the chance of side effects. You are less likely to get side effects if you take a relatively low dose of less than 20mg prednisolone daily.
Some side effects, such as stomach upset or mood changes, can happen straight away. Others, such as getting a rounder face, happen after weeks or months. Keep taking the medicine, but tell your doctor if they bother you or don't go away:. You are more likely to have a serious side effect if you take a higher dose more than 20mg daily of prednisolone or if you have been taking it for more than a few weeks.
A serious allergic reaction is an emergency. Contact a doctor straight away if you think you or someone around you is having a serious allergic reaction. These are not all the side effects of prednisolone. For a full list see the leaflet inside your medicines packet.
Long periods of prednisolone treatment can slow down the normal growth of children and teenagers. Your child's doctor will watch their growth carefully while they are taking steroids. That way any slowing of growth can be picked up promptly and treatment changed if necessary. Prednisolone isn't usually recommended in pregnancy unless the potential benefits outweigh the risks. Prednisolone has occasionally been linked to problems in the first 12 weeks of pregnancy.
If you're taking a high dose of prednisolone the baby may need to be monitored for side effects. Tell your doctor if you're trying to get pregnant, are already pregnant or if you're breastfeeding.
This includes some medicines that you buy over the counter like aspirin and anti-inflammatory painkillers such as ibuprofen. Steroids mimic the effects of hormones your body naturally produces in your adrenal glands. When prescribed in doses higher than your body's usual levels, steroids like prednisolone dampen inflammation.
This can reduce the symptoms of inflammatory conditions, such as arthritis and asthma. For other illnesses, you may not feel any better even though the medicine is helping you. This may be the case if you're taking prednisolone to stop your symptoms getting worse or to prevent a problem happening for example after an organ transplant. If you have to take prednisolone for more than a few weeks, the chances are that you will put on weight.
Prednisolone can make you hungrier and retain water so it can be quite challenging to avoid weight gain. Try to eat a healthy balanced diet without increasing your portion sizes. Regular exercise will also help to keep your weight stable.
It can be dangerous to stop taking prednisolone suddenly, especially if you have been on a high dose for a long time. Withdrawal problems are most likely to happen if you have taken prednisolone for more than a few weeks or you take more than 40mg daily.
Your doctor will probably want to reduce your dose gradually over several weeks to prevent these side effects. Taking prednisolone for many months or years can have several harmful effects on your body. It can lead to:. If you have to take prednisolone for a long time, there are steps you can take to stay as healthy as possible:.
Taking prednisolone makes you more likely to catch infections such as flu , the common cold and chest infections. Keep away from people with an infectious disease, especially chickenpox or shingles. If you have never had these illnesses they could make you very ill.
Tell your doctor straight away if you come into contact with someone who has an infectious disease such as chickenpox or shingles. Your doctor may be able to prescribe a medicine to protect you. Taking prednisolone lowers your immune system. If you have a 'live' vaccine, like the shingles vaccine, while you are taking prednisolone your immune system might not be able to handle it.
This may lead to an infection. Inactive vaccinations, like the flu vaccine, are safe. The card is the size of a credit card and fits in your wallet or purse. It also gives details of your doctor, how much prednisolone you take and how long the treatment will last for.
If you need any medical or dental treatment show your blue steroid card to the doctor or dentist so they know that you are taking prednisolone.
For most health problems, these steroids are very similar to prednisolone in terms of how well they work and how safe they are. For women, prednisolone will not affect contraceptive pills or the morning after pill. It's thought that real liquorice increases the amount of prednisolone in the body and also increases the risk of low potassium. Help us to improve this page. Take a short survey. Skip to main content. Prednisolone contents About prednisolone Key facts Who can and can't take prednisolone How and when to take it Side effects How to cope with side effects Pregnancy and breastfeeding Cautions with other medicines Common questions.
About prednisolone Prednisolone is a type of medicine known as a corticosteroid or steroid. Taking prednisolone can make you more likely to get infections. Tell your doctor if you're exposed to infectious illnesses like chickenpox or shingles. The most common side effects of prednisolone are weight gain, indigestion, insomnia and sweating a lot.
Prednisolone can cause withdrawal problems if you stop taking it suddenly. It's also called by the brand names Deltacortril, Deltastab, Dilacort and Pevanti. Who can and can't take prednisolone Prednisolone can be taken by adults and children. Tell your doctor before starting the medicine if you: Sometimes, you may be advised to take prednisolone on alternate days only.
How much will I take? Will my dose go up or down? Once your illness starts to get better, it's likely that your dose will go down. Your doctor will probably reduce your dose before you stop treatment completely.
Your dose may go up if your illness gets worse. What if I forget to take it? Do not take a double dose to make up for a forgotten one. What if I take too much?
Taking too many prednisolone tablets by accident is unlikely to harm you. If you're worried, talk to your doctor or pharmacist. Side effects The higher the dose of prednisolone that you take, the greater the chance of side effects. Keep taking the medicine, but tell your doctor if they bother you or don't go away: Tell a doctor straight away if you get: Stunted growth in children Long periods of prednisolone treatment can slow down the normal growth of children and teenagers.
Talk to your doctor about the risks of giving prednisolone to your child if you are concerned. How to cope with side effects What to do about: It may also help if you avoid rich or spicy food while you're taking this medicine. If symptoms carry on, ask your doctor if you may benefit from taking an additional medicine to protect your stomach.
Pregnancy and breastfeeding Prednisolone isn't usually recommended in pregnancy unless the potential benefits outweigh the risks. If you take prednisolone in pregnancy, the baby's growth will be checked often.
Common questions How does prednisolone work? Ask your doctor what to expect for your illness. This depends on your health problem.