Prednisone and Prednisolone for Dogs and CatsOrdering patient medications is easy. With an online account, access our extensive formulary or over 20, unique items - 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. Ordering your pet's prescription drugs from Wedgewood Pharmacy is safe, and convenient. With a prescription number, easily refill prescriptions and enroll in the AutoRefill Program. Therapeutic Class Adrenocorticosteroid hormone. Species Dogs, cats and horses.
Prednisone and Prednisolone for Dogs and Cats | petMD | petMD
If your dog was recently prescribed prednisone, you may be wondering about prednisone side effects in dogs. Among the variety of medications prescribed to dogs, prednisone is one that is commonly known to cause side effects. Prednisone is a powerful and effective medication, known to treat several conditions in dogs. If your vet prescribed your dog prednisone, most likely he has weighed in the pros and cons of using of this drug and has determined that your dog ultimately benefits from its use.
Prednisone is a corticosteroid drug used to treat many conditions in dogs. One main problem when prescribing corticosteroids as prednisone, is the fact that there are no exact black and white dosages to follow. Veterinarians must prescribe dosages on a case by case basis, and therefore, dosages vary with each condition and each animal.
According to Pet Education, this means that two dogs weighing exactly the same and suffering from the same, exact health condition may require very different dosages in order to control the condition and prevent the occurrence of side effects. If your dog was therefore prescribed prednisone, it is very important to monitor for potential side effects and communicate any concerns to your vet immediately.
Prednisone side effects in dogs may develop immediately or may take some time to appear. In some cases, side effects may develop even long after the prednisone drug has been discontinued. Following is a list of some of the most common and less common side effects deriving from the use of prednisone in dogs.
Polydipsia is the medical term for increased drinking and polyuria is the medical term of increased urination. Both these prednisone side effects in dogs are quite common when dogs are taking the medicine prednisone. Corticosteroids stimulate the activity of the glomeruli, which are the filtration units of the kidneys, causing an increase in the urine output which consequently, makes the dog thirsty so to replace the lost fluids.
Some dogs may exhibit behavioral changes. Some dogs may appear to be less alert and more lethargic, whereas others may become restless and exhibit panting. An increase in appetite can also be witnessed in dogs receiving prednisone. In some cases, prednisone side effects in dogs may cause the exhibition of aggressive behaviors.
As previously mentioned, corticosteroids inhibit the immune system and this can have a two-fold effect. While on one side suppressing the immune system helps when the immune system attacks the body, on the other side suppressing the immune system may translate into higher chances of the development of viral, bacterial, or fungal diseases. For this reason, often antibiotics are prescribed simultaneously to corticosteroids.
The use of prednisone in pregnant dams is discouraged due to the risk of abortion. Indeed, corticosteroids are capable of inducing labor and have been used in the past to terminate pregnancy in dogs, explains veterinarian Barbara Forney in an article for Wedgewood Pharmacy.
Dogs may also develop several other side effects. Long-term use may also cause some dogs to develop loss of hair coat, weakening of muscles and liver impairment, adds veterinarian Dawn Ruben.
Panting is not an unusual side effect in dogs taking prednisone because this drug kicks up the metabolism in the body. Panting in dogs can be also due to the dog feeling hot, feeling tired from exertion, stressed or in pain.
Here are a few ways to tell them apart. If the dog instead struggles when you close his mouth, this can be a sign of trouble breathing, explains veterinarian Dr. Side effects derived from the use of prednisone in dogs are generally mostly associated with long term usage and high dosages. Short-term use indeed, is unlikely to cause adverse side effects, further explains veterinarian Barbara Forney.
It is therefore important to follow dosing instructions carefully and never increase them if they are not working without consulting with the veterinarian first. Alternate day therapies every other day using short action preparations are a preferred method of administration. Another important consideration to keep in mind is that prednisone should never be stopped abruptly.
Dogs who have been on prednisone for some time, need to be tapered off the medication gradually to prevent internal problems. Usually, these instructions are on the bottle. And of course, notifying the vet promptly about side effects is key to ensuring your dog is kept on the ideal dosage so to minimize the risks of complications.