Baseball's Steroid EraOctober, -- Washington Post baseball writer Thomas Boswell claims Jose Canseco is "the most conspicuous example of a player who has made himself great with steroids. The Athletics slugger wins the MVP award. June 7, -- Baseball commissioner Fay Vincent sends a baseball steroid era timeline to each team announcing that steroids have been added to sgeroid league's banned list. No testing plan is announced. May 7, -- Trainer Curtis Wenzlaff is arrested for steroids distribution.
October, -- Washington Post baseball writer Thomas Boswell claims Jose Canseco is "the most conspicuous example of a player who has made himself great with steroids.
The Athletics slugger wins the MVP award. June 7, -- Baseball commissioner Fay Vincent sends a memo to each team announcing that steroids have been added to the league's banned list. No testing plan is announced. May 7, -- Trainer Curtis Wenzlaff is arrested for steroids distribution. Wenzlaff later publicly admits helping Canseco and 20 to 30 other major leaguers obtain steroids, but refuses to discuss another former client, Mark McGwire.
July 15, -- In an article by Los Angeles Times sports writer Bob Nightengale, Padres general manager Randy Smith is quoted as saying, "We all know there's steroid use, and it is definitely becoming more prevalent.
McGwire admits using the drug and goes on to hit a record 70 home runs. The precursor to steroids is not yet illegal in Major League Baseball. April, -- Baseball implements its first random drug-testing program in the minor leagues. All players not on a team's man roster are subject to random testing for performance-enhancing drugs. The penalty for a first positive test is 15 games. Players testing positive five times will receive a lifetime ban.
The year-old, who has never hit 50 in a season before, goes on to hit He estimates half the players in the big leagues were using them. If more than five percent of the steroid tests are positive in or , players would be randomly tested for a two-year period. Players won't be punished for testing positive. The medical examiner finds ephedra in his system. The league places ephedra on the list of banned drugs at the minor league level. Anti-Doping Agency says several track athletes tested positive for tetrahydrogestrinone THG , baseball places the drug on its testing list for The league is barred from retroactively retesting urine samples by its own agreement.
A first offense will lead to counseling and a second offense to a day suspension. April 12, -- The Food and Drug Administration bans the sale of androstenedione, the steroid precursor used by Mark McGwire while setting the home run record in The FDA action automatically triggers a ban by baseball.
June, -- The league begins testing major leaguers. Punishment for a first offense includes counseling, and names of offenders are to be kept anonymous.
The bill adds many steroid-based drugs such as androstenedione to the list of steroids classified as Schedule III controlled substances. All drugs banned by Congress are added to baseball's banned list.
Under the agreement, players failing drug tests will have their names released to the public. March 5, -- Commissioner Bud Selig announces that between 1 and 2 percent of the 1, drug tests done in were positive for performance-enhancing drugs. Per the old agreement, no names are released because no player tested positive twice. March 17, -- At a hearing of the House Government Reform Committee, McGwire evades questions about steroid use as he testifies alongside Canseco, Sosa and Rafael Palmeiro, who denies having used steroids.
Lawmakers scold commissioner Bud Selig and union leader Donald Fehr, saying baseball's penalties are too lenient. Some congressmen say legislation could be necessary. April 3, -- Tampa Bay outfielder Alex Sanchez becomes the first player suspended for steroids under the major league program.
April 4, -- The league announces 38 minor leaguers tested positive for steroid use. By the end of the month, more than 50 minor leaguers have been suspended. April 25, -- Selig asks players to agree to a game suspension for first-time steroid offenders, a game ban for second offenders and a lifetime ban for a third violation. July 15, -- Conte and Anderson plead guilty to steroid distribution and money laundering, and Valente pleads guilty to one count of distributing illegal steroids.
Twelve players in all were suspended in , each for 10 days. Anderson receives three months in prison and three months in home confinement, and Valente gets probation. Citing BALCO transcripts and court documents, the book details a massive steroid conspiracy in the game of baseball. March 30, -- Conte is released from prison and insists he never gave performance-enhancing drugs to Bonds, says the book "Game of Shadows" is "full of outright lies. April 13, -- According to media reports, Bonds is under investigation by the U.
April 28, -- Scientist Patrick Arnold pleads guilty to supplying BALCO with the performance-enhancing drug "the clear," the once-undetectable substance tetrahydrogestrinone that Bonds allegedly told a grand jury he'd unknowingly used.
June 7, -- Federal IRS agents raid the home of relief pitcher Jason Grimsley, who admits using performance-enhancing drugs. According to a federal agent's affidavit, Grimsley gives up the names of players who also have used the drugs.
Grimsley and Mets minor leaguer Yusaku Iriki are the others. April 26, -- Former New York Mets clubhouse worker Kirk Radomski pleads guilty to selling performance-enhancing drugs to major leaguers.
He cooperates with authorities, testifying before the same grand jury investigating Bonds. The harshest penalty handed out yet for drug use is not for a steroid, but the punishment is due to the league's crackdown on performance-enhancing drugs. That would be 50 games, and that would affect me a whole lot more. Tampa Bay pitcher Juan Salas was the first. George Mitchell releases page report on performance-enhancing drugs in baseball that implicates seven MVPs and 31 All-Stars -- one for every position.
It identifies 85 players to differing degrees, a list of baseball's elite that includes Clemens, Sheffield, Giambi, Eric Gagne and Troy Glaus. Before testimony starts, House Oversight and Government Reform Committee leaders announce they've asked the Justice Department to look into whether Tejada lied to committee staffers when questioned in connection to Palmeiro's perjury case in McNamee says he injected Clemens with steroids and human growth hormone while the pitcher denies it, saying "I have strong disagreements with what this man says about me.
When a reporter asked what he was apologizing for, Lo Duca replied, "Come on, bro'. Gagne, also identified as a user of HGH in the Mitchell Report, apologizes to his new Milwaukee Brewers teammates for "a distraction that shouldn't be taking place.
March 21, -- The perjury case against Bonds is put on hold for three months, with prosecutors telling a federal judge they plan to obtain a new indictment against baseball's home run king.
April 11, -- Baseball players and owners strengthen drug rules again in response to outside criticism, agreeing to more frequent testing and increased -- but not total -- authority for the program's outside administrator. All players implicated in the Mitchell Report are given amnesty as part of the agreement.
The deal also eliminates day suspensions assessed against Guillen and Gibbons. May 13, -- Bonds is charged in a new indictment with 15 felony counts alleging he lied to a grand jury when he denied knowingly using performance-enhancing drugs and that he hampered the federal government's doping investigation. June 6, -- Bonds pleads not guilty when he is re-arraigned on 15 felony counts of lying under oath and obstruction of justice. Both speak on condition of anonymity because grand jury proceedings are supposed to be secret.
Tejada also acknowledged he bought HGH while playing for the A's, but said he threw the drugs away without using them. Making his second public attempt to explain a positive drug test, baseball's highest-paid player describes a clumsy scheme in which a cousin persuades him to use "boli" -- a substance he said the cousin obtained without a prescription and without consulting doctors or trainers.
March 1, -- Rodriguez meets with officials from baseball's Department of Investigations and Labor Relations Department for two hours. The commissioner's office releases a statement saying Rodriguez was "cooperative. March 26, -- Tejada is sentenced to one year of probation for misleading Congress. May 4, -- "A-Rod: The Many Lives of Alex Rodriguez" hits bookstores. May 7, -- Manny Ramirez is suspended for 50 games by Major League Baseball, becoming the latest high-profile player ensnared in the sport's drug scandals.
The Los Angeles Dodgers star says he did not take steroids and was given medication by a doctor that contained a banned substance.